Flow cytometry is a technology that is used to analyze the physical and chemical characteristics of particles in a fluid as it passes through at least one laser. Fluorescently labeled cell components are then excited by the laser to emit light at various wavelengths. A flow cytometer is useful in many lab situations because it can collect data quickly and in multiple parameters. It can quickly and accurately measure the amount of something in a biological sample.
Flow cytometers are indispensable tools in modern biological and medical research, providing a high-throughput method to analyze and sort cells rapidly and with precision. The data collected can provide in-depth insights into cellular structures and functions, which is vital for both basic research and clinical applications.